Kotlin can be used both in native and cross-platform app development. Apps made with Kotlin can work on various operating systems, such https://globalcloudteam.com/ as Android, iOS, macOS, Windows, or Linux. It means you can develop an app for Android and iOS-based solutions using one code.
Dmitry Jemerov, JetBrains’ Development Lead, explained how Kotlin was made because none of the existing JVM languages, except Scala, had the right features. However, as Jemerov pointed out, Scala too had its deficiencies, such as its very slow compilation. Again, since it does not have any standard style guide, and Kotlin provides multiple different how to hire a kotlin developer syntaxes to choose from at various times. We know that a clean build is done only one time in our project, and the Incremental Builds Compilation time is more crucial for us than a Clean Build. In this respect, Kotlin is almost the same as Java, but given all the other advantages we can go with Kotlin without worrying about Compilation time.
Extension functions provide the C#-like ability to extend a class with new functionality without having to inherit from the class or use any type of design pattern such as Decorator. In 2018, Kotlin was the fastest growing language on GitHub with 2.6 times more developers compared to 2017. It is the fourth most loved programming language according to the 2020 Stack Overflow Developer Survey. In 2020, JetBrains found in a survey of developers who use Kotlin that 56% were using Kotlin for mobile apps, while 47% were using it for a web back-end. Just over a third of all Kotlin developers said that they were migrating to Kotlin from another language. Most Kotlin users were targeting Android , with only 6% using Kotlin Native.
- It can be easily used in all operating systems like iOS, MacOS and embedded systems.
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- This is a strongly statically typed general-purpose programming language that runs on JVM.
- Google itself has 60 apps written in Kotlin, including Maps and Drive.
- It can be named as the successor of java in the present industry.
- As Kotlin, the successor of java, understanding the uses would be easier when known through comparing Java and Kotlin.
- Not to be confused with the destructor method common in object-oriented languages.
In Java, the program is redundant and repetitive in nature, thus making the code is lengthy, whereas Kotlin is more simplified and modern and thus easily understandable by beginners. It mainly focuses on reduced functional code and also eliminates repetitive code. Kotlin protects null points by eliminating null point exceptions and the semicolons (;) which should be mandatorily used in java coding, which can be skipped. Kotlin Multi-platform Mobile is intended to be a software development kit for creating cross-platform mobile applications. This means that from one Kotlin code base, you’ll be able to compile apps that run on not just Android phones but also iPhones and the Apple Watch. This project is currently in the alpha stage but has a lot of promise.
Kotlin (programming language)
Developers will soon be able to use it for macOS and iOS platforms too. Kotlin is sponsored by Google, announced as one of the official languages for Android Development in 2017. In this tutorial on what is Kotlin, you looked at the importance of the Kotlin language.
Zomato, India’s largest food delivery company also uses Kotlin for the android app, which has helped them reduce the code lines and made the code a lot more concise. Google widely uses the Kotlin language; not only have they declared it as first-class programming, but they also use it in their production code. Google also implemented Kotlin in more than 60 applications such as Google Homes, Google Maps, Google Drive, Google Pay, Google Sheets, etc. In Kotlin language, there are many extensions that allow adding the functionality without inheriting from the class using no decorative pattern.
Developers need to track down all nonexistent exceptions to handle them or declare that such exceptions can be thrown, which takes quite a lot of time. Kotlin does not have checked exceptions, which results in fewer efforts needed to write code. You can perform the same tasks and implement the same features with the help of Kotlin and Java.
With Java, you need to define a constructor, fields that will store data, getter and setter functions for each field, and so on. Our first step in understanding any language should be to understand how it was created and what difference it is capable of bringing to the business. So, moving our clocks to 2011 when Kotlin was created by the programmers of JetBrains.
It answers the questions raised by Java, providing developers with freedom, safety, clarity, and tool support. Since Google announced Kotlin as the preferred programming language for mobile app development in Android, Kotlin has become one of the most widely used languages. That’s because Kotlin is easy to maintain, prevents failures, has native support, is multifunctional and open-source. In fact, global giants such as Netflix, Pinterest, and Uber use Kotlin to develop their mobile apps on Android. Kotlin is widely used to develop server-side applications, android applications, multiplatform mobile development, and much more.